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The Transitional Justice Peace Agreements Database.

Glossary of Terms

 

Country
The country or jurisdiction in which the conflict originated.


Name of Agreement
The name of the agreement as found in the text of the agreement. Where appropriate, popular names of the agreements are included in parenthesis.


Date Signed
The date on which the agreement was signed or agreed.


Year
The year in which the agreement was signed or agreed.


Parties
The parties who directly sign the agreement, often the parties to the conflict and their regional allies.


Third Parties
Parties who sign the agreement as third parties, such as observers, guarantors, or witnesses, and who can comprise states, international organizations, and non-governmental organizations.  The actual term used has been entered in the database.


Description
Summary description of the agreement’s content.


Statehood / Identity
Provisions of the agreement dealing with the nature and identity of the state, for example, whether it is unitary, involves autonomy, is intended to be pluralist, or socialist.


Governance / Democratic Institutions
Mechanisms establishing new forms of governance, such as power-sharing or interim administration, and/or new democratic institutions.


Amnesty
Provisions providing for full or partial amnesty.


Past Mechanism
Provisions that address how to deal with past abuses of human rights and humanitarian law, such as through truth commissions, commissions of inquiry, or international criminal tribunals.


Prisoner release
Provisions specifically providing for the release of prisoners.


Victims
Provisions specifically addressing victims.


Criminal Justice Reform
Provisions specifically providing for reform of criminal justice.


National Human Rights Institution
Provisions establishing national human rights institutions, or institutions for promoting democracy, such as human rights commissions, ombudsman mechanisms, and equality commissions.


Human Rights Framework
Provisions providing for a human rights framework to guide the post-conflict period, for example by making provision for a bill of rights or for incorporation of human rights standards. 


Judicial Reform
Provisions addressing the reform of the judiciary.


Policing
Provisions addressing policing, and reform of the police or of the army where they have been providing policing functions.


Refugees / Land
Provisions specifically addressing refugees’ issues, such as return, and land claims.


Civil Society
Provisions specifically addressed at the inclusion of civil society, for example, through Peace Building Commissions, or through general calls for inclusion.


Women
Provisions specifically addressing women, their inclusion, and their rights.


Development and Socio-Economic Rights
Provisions specifically addressing development and socio-economic issues and rights.


Enforcement Mechanism
Any mechanism by which the agreement provides for its own enforcement.


International Community
Any provision noting the involvement of international actors in negotiating the agreement, or specifically providing for international actors to be involved in the peace agreement’s implementation.


UN Involvement
Any provision referencing United Nations’ involvement in the peace agreement or its implementation.


Source
Where the agreement text was sourced.



Database hosted on INCORE webservice.

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